Maya Angelou was born on April 4, 1928 as Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis and was raised in segregated rural Arkansas. Her best-selling account of that upbringing, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, won critical acclaim in 1970. Angelou became a leading literary voice of the African-American community and she wrote a dozen more books of prose and poetry, earning a Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award nominations. She was also nominated for an Emmy Award for her acting in Roots, and her screenplay Georgia. An eminent lecturer, Maya Angelou became a professor of American Studies at Wake Forest University in 1981.
You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I'll rise.
Does my sassiness upset you?
Why are you beset with gloom?
'Cause I walk like I've got oil wells
Pumping in my living room.
Just like moons and like suns,
With the certainty of tides,
Just like hopes springing high,
Still I'll rise.
Did you want to see me broken?
Bowed head and lowered eyes?
Shoulders falling down like teardrops,
Weakened by my soulful cries?
Does my haughtiness offend you?
Don't you take it awful hard
'Cause I laugh like I've got gold mines
Diggin' in my own backyard.
You may shoot me with your words,
You may cut me with your eyes,
You may kill me with your hatefulness,
But still, like air, I'll rise.
Does my sexiness upset you?
Does it come as a surprise
That I dance like I've got diamonds
At the meeting of my thighs?
Out of the huts of history's shame
Up from a past that's rooted in pain
I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide,
Welling and swelling I bear in the tide.
Leaving behind nights of terror and fear
Into a daybreak that's wondrously clear
Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,
I am the dream and the hope of the slave.
From And Still I Rise by Maya Angelou. Copyright © 1978 by Maya Angelou.